Title: Resp to Req for Redress, 24 Jan 11

Release Date: 2014-03-20

Text: UNITED STATES OF AMERICAV.Manning, Bradley E.PFC, U.S. Army,HHC, U.S. Army Garrison,Joint Base Myer-Henderson HallFort Myer, Virginia 22211Prosecution Response toDefense Motion to Dismissfor Unlawful Pretrial PunishmentEnclosure 2917 August 2012825 of 1505I)n••'.'0oUNITED STATES MARINE CORPSHEADQUARTERS COMPANYSECURITY BATTALTION2043 BARNETT AVENUEQUANTICO, VIRGINIA 22134-5013IH mVLt REFER 7011000B 27524 J a n 1 1From:To:Via:Chief Warrant O f f i c e r 4 James A v e r h a r t USMC, B r i g o f f i c e r i nCommanding O f f i c e r , MCB Q u a n t i c o , Va(1) Ooimnanding O f f i c e r , S e c u r i t y B a t t a l i o nSubj:RESPONSB TO REQTffiST FOR REDRESS (ARTICLE 138, UCMJ) OF PFC BBADLEYMANNING DATED IB JANUARY 2011Ref:(a) SECNAVINST 1640.9CIh] B r i g Order P1640.1CIc) A r t i c l e 138, UCMJBncl:.Charge( P r i s o n e r Rules and R e g u l a t i o n s )( l l DD Forms 2710, 2711, K u w a i t c o n f i n e m e n t documents(2) C&A board Heconimendations1.I n the performance o f my d u t i e s as t h e B r i g O f f i c e r , MCB Q u a n t i c o , I amg o v e r n e d by r e f e r e n c e s la) t h r o u g h (c) . I have b e e n a p p o i n t e d and c h a r g e d t op e r f o r m my d u t i e s i n a f a i r , f i r m and i m p a r t i a l manner, w h i l e e n s u r i n g t h ec u s t o d y and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l , be i t p r i s o n e r s , s t a f f o r v i s i t o r s .2.I n response t o the A r t i c l e 138 c o m p l a i n t d a t e d 19 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 1 , PFCManning was i n i t i a l l y c o n f i n e d a t MCB Q u a n t i c o B r i g on 29 J u l y 2010 a n dc l a s s i f i e d as a maximum c u s t o d y d e t a i n e e on s u i c i d e r i s k s t a t u s . A t t h e t i m eo f h i s i n i t i a l confinement, I was t h e B r i g Commander.I r e l i n q u i s h e d commandon 24 January 20011 p u r s u a n t t o PCS o r d e r s .During the i n i t i a l i n t e r v i e w ,PFC Manning s t a t e d t h a t he has had s u i c i d a l t h o u g h t s and d i d malte a p l a n t ocommit s u i c i d e . PFC Manning a l s o s t a t e d t h a t h e has been d i a g n o s e d w i t hd e p r e s s i o n and a n x i e t y d i s o r d e r . D u r i n g the i n i t i a l r e c e p t i o n phase, PFCManning a l s o s t a t e d t o the c o u n s e l o r t h a t he was a "woman". D u r i n g t h i s p h a s eo f c o n f i n e m e n t , PFC Manning c o m p l e t e d a DD f o r m 2710 (Inmate B a c k g r o u n dSummary) i n which he wrote "always p l a n n i n g , n e v e r a c t i n g " where as Iced i f h ehas ever considered s u i c i d e . See e n c l o s u r e ( l ) .3.P r i o r t o r e c e i v i n g PFC Manning, MCB Q u a n t i c o B r i g r e c e i v e d d o c u m e n t a t i o nf r o m the confinement f a c i l i t y i n Kuwait s t a t i n g t h a t PFC Manning becameu n r e s p o n s i v e t o s t a f f and w o u l d have a n x i e t y a t t a c k s a t t i m e s . PFC M a i m i n gwas p l a c e d on s u i c i d e watch w h i l e c o n f i n e d i n K u w a i t and was a l s o f o u n d t ohave made a noose out o f h i s bed s h e e t . PFC Manning was e v a l u a t e d s e v e r a lt i m e s by mental h e a l t h p r o f e s s i o n a l s w h i l e i n K u w a i t and f o u n d t h a t )n.e was ah i g h r i s k harm t o h i m s e l f . I t was f u r t h e r r e q u e s t e d t h a t PFC Manning bet r a n s f e r r e d t o a f a c i l i t y w i t h s p e c i a l i z e d r e s o u r c e s f o r h i s mental s t a t e .4.D u r i n g the i n i t i a l i n t e r v i e w w i t h h i s c o u n s e l o r i n Q u a n t i c o , PFC M a n n i n gwas aslced i f he was c u r r e n t l y s u i c i d a l t o V7hich PFC Manning r e p l i e d " n o " ,D u r i n g t h e i n t e r v i e w , PFC Manning was asked about t h e noose he made o u t o f abed s h e e t . PFC Manning s t a t e d t h a t he made a noose o u t o f sand bag td.es, n o ta b e d sheet. The discrepcuicy between t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n r e c e i v e d and PFC.•fIVIanningB_00011474Page 1 of 8826 of 1505r' ,o\Sub].'-lORESPONSE TO RRUOEST FOR REDRESS (ARTICLE 138, DL-i»IJ) OF PFC BRADLEYMftMNING DATED 19 JANUARY 2011Manning's statement raised the concem of PFC Manning's mental a b i l i t y tod i f f e r e n t i a t e between a bed sheet or sand bag t i e s , or i f PFC Manning mademultiple nooses. Due to the documentation provided, PFC Manning's v e r b a l andw r i t t e n statements, and the act of making at least one i t e m t o commit s u i c i d ewith, I decided that PFC Manning would remain on suicide watch.. I alsodecided that PFC Manning would be c l a s s i f i e d as a maximum custody inmate.5, Per SECNAVINST 1640.9C, inmates r e q u i r i n g immediate and continuoussupervision or requiring special custodial supervision w i l l be c l a s s i f i e d asa maximum custody detainee. Per SECNAVINST 1640.3C, inmates who havethreatened suicide or have made a suicide gesture but ^re f o u n d f i t f o rconfinement may be placed w i t h i n special quarters under continuousobservation while i n the category of suicide r i s k . The f o l l o w i n g arerequirements stated i n SECNAVINST 1640.9C:(a) Supervision must be immediate and continuous. A DD 509, I n s p e c t i o nRecord of Prisoner i n Segregation, s h a l l be posted by the c e l l door andappropriate entries made a t least every 15 minutes.(b)They shall not be assigned to work d e t a i l s outside t h e(c)They shall be assigned to the most secure q u a r t e r s .cell.(d)Two or more stciff members s h a l l be present whan maximum custodyinmates are out of t h e i r c e l l s .(e)Maximum custody prisoners s h a l l wear r e s t r a i n t s at a l l times whenoutside the maximum-security area and be escorted by a t l e a s t two e s c o r t s .(£)The Brig OIC may d i r e c t removal of c l o t h i n g when deemed necessary.(e)Inmates must be under observation of a supervisor o f t h e same sex.(f)Prisoner mist be under observation of a supervisor o f the same sex.(g) Such prisoner^ s h a l l be berthed i n special quarters and p h y s i c a l l ychecked every 5 minutes.6. Per SECNAVINST 1640.9C, inmates i n a maximum custody status r e q u i r e twoescorts a t a l l times while outside of t h e i r c e l l , While o u t s i d e o f the c e l l ,meiximum custody inmates w i l l normally wear f u l l r e s t r a i n t s i . e . l e gr e s t r a i n t s , hand r e s t r a i n t s and a r e s t r a i n t b e l t . The B r i g OIC may a u t h o r i z eless form of r e s t r a i n t or a d d i t i o n a l escorts when necessary. Normally l e s sform of r e s t r a i n t i s authorized w h i l e showering, p a r t i c i p a t i n g i nr e c r e a t i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s , medical exams or i n a court room. While a maximumcustody inmate i s outside of a secured area, the f a c i l i t y w i l l commence alockdown u n t i l the inmate i s returned t o a secured area. No other inmates a r eallowed to move throughout the f a c i l i t y while a maximum custody inmate i soutside of a secured area. A t no time w i l l two maximum custody inmates beoutside of a secured area a t any time. Due t o t h i s requirement, maximumcustody inmates do not co-mingle w i t h other inmates d u r i n g r e c r e a t i o n o rgroup a c t i v i t i e s . Maximum custody inmates are not p r o h i b i t e d from speaking-d.sor to "special move" PFC Manning's status and ordered that he beplaced back i n a suicide r i s k s t a t u s . A f t e r PFC Manninq's outburst, andphysical contact to himself, the B r i g P s y c h i a t r i s t was contacted and asked t omeet w i t h PFC Manning. A f t e r PFC Manning was informed t h a t he was going t o beplaced i n a suicide r i s k status, PFC Manning began to attempt to n e g o t i a t e t onot be placed on t h i s status and delayed i n g i v i n g the requested c l o t h i n q' items. He was i n i t i a l l y non-compliant and r e f u s e d t o g i v e the c l o t h i n g itemsto the B r i g Supervisor when asked. When I n o t i c e d t h a t PFC Manning was b e i n gnoncompliant I ordered the dialogue and actions to be videotaped. Once PFCManning noticed that he was being videotaped, he immediately became compliant^Page 6 of8'MaooiogB_00011479!831 of 15054^B^^^^^^0^^^^Subj:^RESPONSE '^RE^^EST FOR REDRESS (ARTICL,E138, U^:^) OFPFC BRADLEYMAN^^DATEO 19 JANUARY 2011andprovided t h e c l o t h i n g i t e m a s r e v e s t e d , ^e also calmeddown h u tcontinued to comment about n o t w a n t i n g t o b e on SR and POI.12. Prior to the a r r i v a l of Dr Hoctor, I d i r e c t e d that PFC Manning remain i nt h i s s t a t u s u n t i l 20 January 2011 and, provided that PFC Manninq's a c t i o n s donot continue, that hebe r e v i e w e d b y t h e C & A board at that t i m e . CAPT HocterandCAPT Moore met ^ i t h PFC Manningon the same d a t e a n d recommended t h a t PFC^ ^ n i n g beplacedon a 24 hour POI status. PF(^ Manning was removed f r o m SRstatus on20 January 2011 and assigned on POl status.13. On 21 January 2011, I r e c e i v e d a D D 5 1 0 from PFCManning requesti.ng t h ^ the he taken o f f of maximumcustody andPOI sta.tus. This request was d^ted 7January 2011. PFCManning was reviewed bY the C&ABoard on 21 January 2011andwas a l l o w e d t o a p p e a r h e f o r e t h e b o a r d . The C&A Board recommended t h a tPFC Manning remain c l a s s i f i e d as amaximum custody inmate i n p r e v e n t i o n o fi n j u r y status due to previous w r i t t e n and v e r b a l statements, s u i c i d a lideations and statements t h a t he madeto themembers of the C&A Board.Although PFC Mannin^^ deniedany s u i c i d a l thoughts or f e e l i n g s , ^^C Manninqalso implied t h a t h e may not be completely t r t ^ t h f u l . ^hen asked about thedate of 7 January 2011 as the date of submissionon theDD510, BPFC M ^ ^ i n qj u s t looked at me and s t a t e d t h a t i t i s p o s s i b l e f o r his dates t o b e o f f andprovided no f u r t h e r explanation, i d e n i e d h i s r e q u e s t t h a t he taken o f fmaximum custody and P O I s t a t u s . This i s t h e o n l y time he has f o r m a l l yrequested t h a t I t a l ^ s u c h a c t i o n throuqh the DD^IO process, '^his i s t h eqrievance t h a t PFC Manninq i d e n t i f i e s i n p a r a q r a p h 6 of h i s c o m p l a i n t .^^1^. Since i n i t i a l confinement, PFC Manninqh^s displayed unusual behaviorcausing me concem. There has been unusual behavior such as waking up andl i c l ^ n g the c e l l bars, sleep walking, sword f i g h t i n g , p l a y i n g peek^a-boo i nthe mirror, waking u p a t n i c ^ t t a l k i n g , simula.ted l i f t i n g weights, t a l k i n q ,mumbling and giggling at himself, beating on h i s chest, and r o c k s t a r headbanging simulation. Since confinement, PFCMar^ninghasalso v i o l a t e d ^ r i s o n ^r u l e s and regulations by not f o l l o w i n g i n s t r u o t i o n s . Hehas r e c e i v e d e^negative hard card entry f o r disobedience and several counselinq f o r f a i l u r et o f o l l o w i n s t r u c t i o n s . Although minor i n n a t ^ e , a l l prisoners are r e q u i r e dto f o l l o w the rules andregulations of the f a o i l i t y . I have n o t imposed anyd i s c i p l i n a r y segregation, b u t these incidents do cause me c o n t i n u i n g concernr e g a r d i n g h i s safety and i n t e n t i o n s .1^. I n t h i s f a c i l i t y , a l l prisoners and detainees are berthed i n SpecialQuarters. A l i v i n g a r e a comprised of 30 i n d i v i d u a l c e l l s w i t h each c e l ldimension si^e of 6x8x8. Each c e l l has one t o i l e t , rack, sink and waterf a u c e t . '^eQuanticobase p r e t r i a l confinement f a c i l i t y d o e s n o t haves o l i t a r y confinement. I t does have a d i s c i p l i n a r y segregation u n i t .8inceconfinement PFCManninghas been berthed i n S p e c i a l Quarters i n c e l l ^1192.16. As the B r i g OIC with over 20years of c o r r e c t i o n experience, Iunderstand the duties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s o f the b i l l e t which I am assigned.I am c h a r g e d w i t h the s e c u r i t y , custody and c o n t r o l of a l l inmates i n mycustody while remaining f i r m , f a i r and i m p a r t i a l . At no time have I acted o u tof the scope o f myduties or al^sed the a u t h o r i t y given t o m e per thed i r e c t i v e s t h a t govern my decisions regarding PFC Manning. Due t o PFC^Manning's continuous, sporadic, unusual behavior, w r i t t e n and v e r b a lstatements, past s u i c i d a l ideations and gestures, i t i s my p r o f e s s i o n a lopinion that prevention of i n j u r y status i s c ^ r r e n t l y n e c e s s a r y t o ensure PFCManning's personal safety, as w e l l as the s a f e t y of other p r i s o n e r s ands t a f f . Further, i t i s my p r o f e s s i o n a l o p i n i o n t h a t PFC Manning'smaximum

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